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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-24

CT quantitative analysis in patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 and its correlation with laboratory examination results


1 Department of Radiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
2 Department of Radiology, Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital, Chongqing, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ting Chen
Department of Radiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing
China
Dr. Wenbing Zeng
Department of Radiology, Chongqing Three Gorges Central Hospital, Chongqing
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/RID.RID_3_21

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OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively analyze the longitudinal changes of ground-glass opacity (GGO), consolidation and total lesion in patients infected with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and its correlation with laboratory examination results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All 76 computed tomography (CT) images and laboratory examination results from the admission to discharge of 15 patients confirmed with severe COVID-19 were reviewed, whereas the GGO volume ratio, consolidation volume ratio, and total lesion volume ratio in different stages were analyzed. The correlations of lesions volume ratio and laboratory examination results were investigated. RESULTS: Four stages were identified based on the degree of lung involvement from day 1 to day 28 after disease onset. GGO was the most common CT manifestation in the four stages. The peak of lung involvement was at around stage 2, and corresponding total lesion volume ratio, GGO volume ratio, and consolidation volume ratio were 17.48 (13.44−24.33), 12.11 (7.34−17.08), and 5.51 (2.58−8.58), respectively. Total lesion volume ratio was positively correlated with neutrophil percentage, C-reactive protein (CRP), high-sensitivity CRP (Hs-CRP), procalcitonin, lactate dehydrogenase (LD), and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB), but negatively correlated with lymphocyte count, lymphocyte percentage, arterial oxygen saturation, and arterial oxygen tension. Consolidation volume ratio was correlated with most above laboratory examination results except Hs-CRP, LD, and CK-MB. GGO, however, was only correlated with lymphocyte count. CONCLUSION: CT quantitative parameters could show longitudinal changes well. Total lesion volume ratio and consolidation volume ratio are well correlated with laboratory examination results, suggesting that CT quantitative parameters may be an effective tool to reflect the changes in the condition.


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